Monday, February 23, 2009
RURAL AREAS-A fixed model with in the house;this can be done with fire bricks made as described above;the stove can be made with sixteen bricks as shown in the video-
Or with available local material-
URBAN AREAS-A portable stove which can be used indoors or outdoors as shown in the videos here can be made with used tin cans and insulation of facing/surface fire tiles/bricks available in the market.
The Envirofit models in the market can be seen here-
Saturday, February 21, 2009
WOOD BURNING STOVES
By Dr. Larry Winiarski
3. Heat and burn the tips of the sticks as they enter the fire to make
flame, not smoke.
4. High and low heat are created by how many sticks are pushed
into the fire.
6. Too little draft being pulled into the fire will result in smoke
and excess charcoal.
chimney should all be about the same size.
8. Use a grate under the fire.
9. Insulate the heat flow path, from the fire, to and around the
pot(s) or griddle.
Friday, February 20, 2009
Figures from AricMcBay:http://www.inthewake.org/b1cooking.html
"It is easy to construct, and it uses low-cost materials. The rocket stove's main components are:
- Chimney: a metal box (such as a 5-gallon tin can) or pipe standing vertically and supporting the cooking vessel
- Fuel magazine: a short length of steel or ceramic pipe fitted horizontally into the base of a chimney
- Fuel shelf: a flat plate to hold the fuel clear of the bottom of the magazine to allow air to flow underneath
- Heat exchanger: a tubular metal shield that forces hot gases from the chimney to pass over the sides of the cooking vessel
The chimney and magazine are joined at a right angle, forming the 'rocket elbow', and it is at this junction that primary combustion occurs."http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rocket_stove
-complete burning results in full release of heat energy from wood and high temperatures in the combustion chamber;the heat energy is conserved by the insulation around the combustion chamber and directly transferred to the vessel on the grate as shown in the figure to the right.;
-the pot skirt ensures heat transfer to the pot both at the bottom and the sides.
-the gap between the pot and the skirt should be around twelve millimeters to ensure efficient transfer of heat to the pot;heat escapes with a large gap;if the gap is too narrow it restricts air flow.
- wood burns only at the inner end and it should be pushed in as it gets whittled down in burning.
"This stove operates on about half as much fuel, and produces substantially less smoke., compared to the traditional stoves;the stove requires small diameter lengths of wood, small branches or twigs; sufficient fuel for cooking tasks can be gathered in less time, without the benefit of tools, and ideally without the destruction of forested areas."[wikipedia]
The insulation of the combustion chamber is crucial for conservation of the heat generated and several types of materials have been used to achieve this;
Based on these principles several stoves have been designed to cater to all segments of the users;a ready-made stove ENVIROFIT is available in souther states for prices varying from Rs.700 to 2800.we could also build stoves for as low Rs.50 to 100 using local material like in 'Good-stove' ; after a survey of improved stoves the World Bank stated that models that can be constructed by the people with local materials are the ones that are easy for adoption.Stand-alone models are the best for urban poor and for all rural areas.
Thursday, February 19, 2009
Tremendous amount of research has gone into making of improved stoves with superior cooking efficiency and no or less smoke; almost all these innovations follow the basic design of the ROCKET STOVE invented by Dr.Winiarski of Aprovecho.The salient features of the design are-
1.complete burning of the wood is achieved by providing for adequate air supply into the combustion chamber;proper burning of wood reduces or eliminates smoke.
2.By providing good insulation to the combustion chamber loss of heat is prevented.
3.The heat is efficiently transferred to the vessel/pot by providing a skirt round the vessel.
these details are presented in the figure in the next posting.
Wednesday, February 18, 2009
Benefits of Pot water filter
1.It is a stand-alone facility and empowers the household to safe water at home.
2.Low cost.The filter candle is the only item to be obtained from the market once in two or three years.
4.Assured elimination of pathogens.
5.simple to maintain.
Tuesday, February 17, 2009
Nano silver ceramic filter candle
Monday, February 16, 2009
Sunday, February 15, 2009
- after defecation/using toilet
-after cleaning children's faeces
-before taking/eating food
-after doing any work that soils the hands
Saturday, February 14, 2009
The Rajiv Gandhi Drinking Water Mission has been working on providing drinking water to all villages in India;its focus is on infrastructure development;while it is a laudable objective, household water treatment should also be included in its program to ensure safe water at home as recommended by WHO.
LIGHT:The family in the photo uses a kerosene lantern like most poor in rural areas;several solar lanterns with CFLs[compact fluorescent tubes] or with LEDs[light emiting diodes]are in the market in price ranges of Rs 700 to Rs3000;A LED light for Rs.100 is described !.